Standard Deduction in Income Tax for Indians


A Standard Deduction is basically a deduction allowed in Income Tax irrespective of the expense incurred or the investment made by the Individual.

No Disclosures/ Investment Proofs/ Expense Bills are required for this type of Income Tax Standard Deduction as it is allowed at a standard rate.

In India, the Standard Deduction is allowed for Income from Rent which is categorised under head Income from House Property. Standard Deduction @ 30% is allowed for Income from Rent.

Earlier a Standard Deduction was also allowed to Salaried Individuals but this Standard Deduction has now been discontinued. However, there are several other tax exemptions available to Salaried Employees.

Standard Deduction from Rental Income @ 30%

The Rental Income is classified under head Income from House Property. A person earning Rental Income is first allowed to reduce the Municipal and other taxes paid to the Local Authority to arrive at the Net Annual Value.

Further deductions under Section 24 are also allowed from the Net Annual Value. This has been explained below

Gross Annual Value (i.e. Actual Rent or Expected Rent, whichever is higher) xxx
(Less) Municipal and other taxes paid to Local Authority (xxx)
(=) Net Annual Value (NAV)  xxx
(Less) Deductions under Section 24
1. Statutory Deduction @ 30% of NAV (xxx)
2. Deduction for Interest on Loan (xxx)
(=) Income chargeable under head House Property  xxx

Other Deductions Allowed in Income Tax

Apart from the above mentioned Standard Deduction @ 30%, there are several other deductions allowed as well. Some of these Deductions are only available to Salaried Employees whereas the rest of the deductions are available to everyone including the Salaried Employees.

Deductions which are only limited to Salaried Employees are Deduction for Entertainment Allowance and Deduction for Professional Tax. Apart from these Deductions, there are several exemptions as well which are available to salaried employees.

Other Deductions which are available to everyone include Deduction for Investment in PPF, Equity Mutual Funds, Life Insurance, Repayment of Education Loan, Payment of Medical Insurance Premium, Deduction for Contribution to NPS Account etc.

These Deductions have been briefly explained here – 11 Income Tax Deductions which can help you reduce your Tax Burden.

The govt encourages the taxpayers to make use of the above mentioned deductions to plan their taxes in advance which will help them reduce their tax burden.

Karan is CA by Qualification with the rare distinction of being awarded All India Rank 22. He is also the founder of this website and loves to help people with their Tax Queries.