A Standard Deduction is basically a deduction allowed in Income Tax irrespective of the expense incurred or the investment made by the Individual.

No Disclosures/ Investment Proofs/ Expense Bills are required for this type of Income Tax Standard Deduction as it is allowed at a standard rate.

In India, the Standard Deduction is allowed for 2 types of Income

  1. Standard Deduction from Rent: Standard Deduction @ 30% is allowed for Income from Rent.
  2. Standard Deduction from Salary: Standard Deduction of Rs. 40,000 is allowed from Salary Income for FY 2018-19. This limit has been increased to Rs. 50,000 from FY 2019-20.

Standard Deduction from Rental Income @ 30%

The Rental Income is classified under head Income from House Property. A person earning Rental Income is first allowed to reduce the Municipal and other taxes paid to the Local Authority to arrive at the Net Annual Value.

Further deductions under Section 24 are also allowed from the Net Annual Value. This has been explained below

Gross Annual Value (i.e. Actual Rent or Expected Rent, whichever is higher)xxx
(Less)Municipal and other taxes paid to Local Authority(xxx)
(=)Net Annual Value (NAV) xxx
(Less)Deductions under Section 24
1. Statutory Deduction @ 30% of NAV(xxx)
2. Deduction for Interest on Loan(xxx)
(=)Income chargeable under head House Property xxx

Standard Deduction from Salary

The standard deduction from Salary of Rs. 40,000 has been introduced in Budget 2018 and is applicable for Financial Year 2018-19. From Financial Year 2019-20 onwards, this standard deduction has been increased to Rs. 50,000 p.a.

This deduction is allowed irrespective of the actual expense incurred by the employee. The employee is also not required to submit any bills/proofs to the employer for claiming this deduction.

This deduction has been introduced in lieu of Transport Allowance and Medical Reimbursement which were earlier allowed to employees and the employees were required to submit bills as proofs for claiming these benefits.

Other Deductions Allowed in Income Tax

Apart from the above mentioned Standard Deduction @ 30%, there are several other deductions allowed as well. Some of these Deductions are only available to Salaried Employees whereas the rest of the deductions are available to everyone including the Salaried Employees.

Deductions which are only limited to Salaried Employees are Deduction for Entertainment Allowance and Deduction for Professional Tax. Apart from these Deductions, there are several exemptions as well which are available to salaried employees.

Other Deductions which are available to everyone include Deduction for Investment in PPF, Equity Mutual Funds, Life Insurance, Repayment of Education Loan, Payment of Medical Insurance Premium, Deduction for Contribution to NPS Account etc.

These Deductions have been briefly explained here – 11 Income Tax Deductions which can help you reduce your Tax Burden.

The govt encourages the taxpayers to make use of the above mentioned deductions to plan their taxes in advance which will help them reduce their tax burden.