In the past few years, there has been much confusion regarding the applicability of Service Tax on Rent. The Govt’s stand was different to what the Courts had to say regarding the applicability of Service Tax on Rent which lead to confusions regarding whether service tax on renting of immovable property is payable or not.
To remove all such confusions, the Govt while introducing the Negative List of Services regime in Service Tax (which came in effect from 1st July 2012), the Govt has in the definition of ‘service’ contained in Clause (44) of Section 65B, specifically mentioned that Service includes a “Declared Service”.
Declared Services are those services which would be deemed to be a service (whether it is a service or not), and Service Tax would be payable on the same. The Govt has specifically mentioned the services which would be considered as Declared Services and Renting of Immovable Property has been specifically mentioned as a Declared Service.
In the light of the above changes, Service Tax on Renting of Immovable Property is liable to be paid as per the rates in force.
- Recommended Read: Rates of Service Tax
Exemption from Service Tax on Rent
Consideration received for the following types of activities has been specifically exempted from the applicability of Service Tax on renting of immovable property:-
- Renting of Vacant Land, relating to Agriculture
- Renting of Residential dwelling units for use as Residence*
- Renting out any property by the Reserve Bank of India
- Renting out any property by a Government or a Local Authority to a non-business entity
*Please Note: Only Residential units let-out for use as Residence are exempted. Service Tax on Residential units let-out for the purpose of any commercial activity would come under the purview of tax and thus service tax would be liable to be paid on Residential Units let-out for the purpose of any commercial activity.
Renting or permitting usage of any property for a temporary purpose like conduct of a marriage or any other social function would also be taxable.
Service Tax is only mandatorily liable to be paid if the total value of services provided by the service provider exceds the threshold limit of Rs. 10 Lakhs p.a. If the total value of all services provided by the service provider is less than Rs. 10 Lakhs p.a., he is not mandatorily liable to pay service tax.
- Recommended Read: Service Tax Exemption below Rs. 10 Lakhs
The Service Tax on Rent collected by the Service Provider from the Service Recipient is required to be deposited with the Central Govt before the Due Date of Payment of Service Tax.
Computation of Service Tax on Rent
The Ministry of Finance vide Notification No. 29/2012 Service Tax dated 20th June 2012, announced that Service Tax is to be levied on the
Gross Amount charged for renting of such immovable property
(Less) Taxes on Such Property namely property tax levied and collected by Local Authorities
However, any amount such as Interest, Penalty paid to the Local Authority by the Service Provider on account of delayed payment of Property Tax or for any other reason shall not be treated as Property Tax for the purpose of deduction from the Gross Amount Charged.
Computation of Service Tax on Rent can be explained with the help of the following example
Rent Received for the Year: Rs. 25 Lakhs
Property Tax paid for the Year: Rs. 1 Lakh
Rs. 24 Lakhs
Service Tax on Rent as per the rates in force would be payable on the above Rs. 24 Lakhs. The Current Rate of Service Tax is 12.36% (incl. of Education Cess and SHEC)
- Recommended Read: TDS on Rent @ 10%